The worldwide popularity, importance and scope of English as a language of research work, official communication, science and technology is beyond all doubts and questions. A number of non-English nations also learn English and use it as their official language apart from the fact that they have their own national languages as well as a lot of regional languages being spoken in various parts of their countries. These non-English countries have developed such education system as to teach and learn English as a compulsory language right from the grass root level so that their children may not have to face any problems while getting higher education or professional jobs either from their own universities or from some foreign institutes.
This mechanism is working perfectly for the current students as well as for the previous ones who are now doing some research work in their respective fields. But, what about the sectors of society other than education where people have neither been taught English properly nor been put into regular practice of speaking, listening and writing?
These sectors include business, trade, agriculture, health, hotel management, rural life, labour, technicians, etc. They have to face sheer harassment whenever it comes to proceeding the things in English. Some are totally unaware of the English vocabulary and grammar, some know alphabets and a bit more, but cannot read or write or understand English properly and some are those who fall in between the aware and the unaware.
A lot of other people know English but not the correct one.
They can read, write and speak English, but not up to the mark. They also have serious problems pronouncing the words themselves or understanding the proper accent being spoken to them. Yet again, there are people who know English a lot but cannot speak it fluently. In short, listening, reading, writing and speaking proper English is a problem of those who know English to some extent but not to an appreciable level of satisfaction. These are the people who desperately want to learn English and improve it properly.
The list of countries where English is an official language
Realizing this very crucial problem of a lot of people around, I have made an attempt to make people learn English easily and comprehensively so that everyone may avail himself of the opportunity.
Personally, I am a professor of the English language and have been teaching it for the last 30 years
in various renowned institutes of my country. Over so many years, I have developed a successful technique with the help of which I have taught English to a countless number of students belonging to various age groups and possessing different degrees of knowledge of this language.
Now, I have thought it very much proper to public this superb methodology so that millions of people may benefit themselves by following this technique. The most beautiful and fruitful aspect of this technique is that all the learners can benefit themselves from it quite equally regardless of the fact where their strength of English stands. This very successful methodology consists of various stages specific for particular learners. Every new joiner can join it as per his own requirements. It means he can join the stage which suits him the best.
But, before I go into the details of each and every stage, I would like to discuss the four essentials for the learning of any language.
Listening is the fundamental element of this whole process of learning the English language. It is our common observation that the parents along with the siblings keep on speaking a certain language to a newborn consistently and he, on the other end, keeps on listening to it very keenly.
After a certain period of time, the child himself begins to speak a few initial titbits of the language being spoken to him constantly. With the passage of a few years of listening, the child can speak it quite fluently all by himself. Nobody has taught him the new vocabulary or the grammatical rules of his mother tongue in a proper or official way.
It is just the process of regular listening from the family members and the society which imparts and imprints the various aspects of language onto the child’s brain. This holds true with all the languages including English.
So, we can see that listening to the proper English being spoken by an accurate speaker is, therefore, the first and foremost step if someone wants to learn English.
If you keep listening to quality English on the regular basis, your reflexes will get used to it quite automatically and you will start following the same level of accuracy in your own speaking, reading, and writing. Both your accent and the way of pronunciation are the end product of the way you have been listening over a long time.
This is also a practical reality that in a non-English country, a child has to learn up to four languages at a time. He listens to his regional mother tongue at home as well as in his community, his national language, if different, at school, his religious language at the place of worship and, the last of all, English as an international language of communication.
Most surprisingly, the child learns all the four languages simultaneously just through listening to them attentively and, with the passage of time, he himself gets the equal command on all of them. This clearly shows you the strong role of listening in the mechanism of learning. Hence, you must manage to listen to quality English through all the available resources like movies, talk shows, documentaries, matches with running commentary, news bulletins, musical songs, plays, and commercials, etc.
Always listen very attentively to whatever comes up to you
and try your level best to learn maximum from it regarding the new vocabulary, the befitting rules of grammar and the proper accent and pronunciation. This hard practice in a very dedicated way will enable you to learn English correctly as well as quickly.
Try to develop the habit of reading whatever comes before your eyes in your routine life.
Besides, you should also spare specific hours for reading certain magazines, newspapers, storybooks, novels, etc. The content of these sources of reading may range from the simplest basic level to the most intellectual level of comprehension.
The beginners in this context may start from learning the names of fruits, vegetables, spices, colours, bath and kitchen utensils, clothes and dressing articles, tools and mechanical parts, birds and animals, grains and pulses, dishes and flavours, seasons and weather conditions, crockery and cutlery, electronics and sports, flowers and trees and many other things of everyday use.
The basic purpose of reading is to enhance your skills of pronouncing various sounds correctly and to grasp the meanings of every word written in that source by understanding the correct rules of the grammar involved. Moreover, reading the context of different sorts improves not only the strength of your vocabulary but also your overall sense of the language. It is a gradual process.
The more you develop your habit of reading a variety of things, the more you improve your vocabulary, the grammatical sense of the language and the pronunciation of various words resulting from the sounds of different alphabets or the groups of alphabets including the vowels and the silent alphabets in the formation of words.
When you read the formation of long sentences and carefully observe the correct use of grammatical rules and the right selection of words over there, things get imprinted on your mind and you can recall them readily whenever needed while writing or speaking.
So, on the average, reading and comprehending a long passage daily will do you marvels because it will definitely cause an amazing impact on your skills of writing and speaking, consequently enabling you to learn English fast and raising its standard a lot.
Writing also involves a strong sense of the language on the part of the writer. It clearly reflects the vision and the grip on the language on the part of the writer.
Moreover, writing grants you a wealth of practice by immensely strengthening whatever you have learned from listening and reading. Once you bring the things in the written form, you get them well settled in your brain.
Reading and listening keep the things in the short-term-memory centre of your brain from where they may get slipped after a short period of time, whereas writing stores them in the long-term portion of the memory box.
Again, you get a plenty of time, while writing, to think about the best suitable vocabulary and the befitting rules of grammar to construct a really good formation both logical and appealing. On the contrary, speaking never allows you that much time to think deeply and construct a long sentence in a relaxed way.
There, you have to decide instantly and you always speak according to whatever vocabulary and the rules of grammar strike you on the spot. You never need practicing your mother tongue to speak it fluently because it is a kind of built-in program in your central nervous system and you keep on speaking it even without giving the slightest stress on your mind regarding the selection of words or the grammatical formation of sentences.
Try your best to develop the habit of putting down everything you learn from reading and listening in order to consolidate it in your mind. It will also strengthen the imaginative power of your mind and you will be able to recall the things instantly whenever needed.
So, you should be writing at least two pages of English daily in order to have a strong hold on your language skills which may, otherwise, get shattered if you don’t write sufficiently. In short, we may say that writing something daily contributes a great towards the learning of quality English.
To tell you the truth,
speaking is actually the mode of language which determines how much you know it and how much strong a hold you have on its various aspects.
If you are unable to speak this language fluently, you will never be satisfied with your own performance and would earnestly like to learn English and improve it a lot. Nor will the others get the impression that you have a strong grip on this language.
In other words, speaking is the parameter from where people can judge whether or not you know quality English. People can never judge the actual standard of your English through your abilities of listening and reading this language, though you may be quite good at these two categories.
This is because these two areas remain confined only to yourself and it is only you who can really judge as to where you stand in these categories and what the overall standard of your English is.
Writing is a 50-50 game, for you don’t get exposed to as many people as you do while speaking. Writing will reveal your English to only those who will happen to read your content by chance or to those for whom you have actually written it.
On the other hand, speaking exposes you right on the spot because it involves each and everything: your pronunciation, your accent, your selection of words, your knowledge of the grammar rules and their instant implementation by you, your control in forming long sentences and speaking them then and there, etc.
The long and short of all this is that speaking is the ultimate criterion to judge every learner’s abilities. The more you are accurate and fluent, the more you are rated when it comes to quality English.
Keeping in mind all the above- said importance of speaking, we can say that it is actually the ultimate destination and the dream of every learner to learn English and speak it fluently.
So it is highly advisable for every new learner to have a good practice of speaking whatever he learns on the daily basis. In the beginning, it will prove really very tough to pronounce or speak the written sentences with a good accent; set aside the ones you have to make yourself.
You may not be able to speak fluently because there is almost no gap between your thinking an Idea and converting it into your own quality wording then and there. Things may not strike you instantly and words will probably fail you quite frequently and you may collapse altogether.
There is no need to lose heart
even if it happens as such because you are not an expert right from the beginning. Just keep on working hard in this area and, with the passage of time, you will become a real fluent speaker of English. This is practically proven that even though you have a good knowledge of English in your mind, it still requires a lot of practice on your part to make you a fluent speaker.
This is not because you are a dull learner, but because English is not, after all, your mother tongue. You always have to think long before you form a construction and speak it fluently.
To minimize this gap between thinking and speaking, practice is the only solution. The best way to do so is to think within you about an idea and try to construct it into English as early as possible and then speak it to yourself.
Keep repeating this phenomenon many times a day with high spirits and morale, and the gap will increasingly reduce itself and the day will come when you will be able to speak English the way the native do confidently and fluently.
So, these are the essentials which every learner should go through in order to learn English and to be able to speak it fluently. Next, I shall discuss how to handle these essentials simultaneously on the daily basis, and what amount of each will be sufficient for a beginner, a mediocre and a semi-expert English lover. Till then, it is good-bye to you all.
An authentic, comprehensive and practical way to learn English especially for the non-English people round the world is to learn it through the four essentials.